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Cover Image: Elections and Parties in New European Democracies
  • Date: 05/30/2003
  • Format: Print Cloth
  • Price: $170.00
  • ISBN: 978-1-56802-808-8
  • Pages: 336
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Elections and Parties in New European Democracies
Richard Rose, University of Strathclyde
Neil Munro, University of Strathclyde

An overview and systematic comparison of new electoral systems.

Since the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989, elections without choice have been replaced by free and fair elections in Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Russia.

This reference provides all the basic information about elections in these new democracies. Part One systematically compares the operation of electoral systems, the formation of parties without civil society, and the behavior of voters without trust. It includes sophisticated multi-stage model of election outcomes.

In Part Two, each country has a chapter systematically reporting the votes and seats won by every party with at least one percent of the vote at one parliamentary election since 1990. Where the president is popularly elected, results are given too. The data comes from the definitive record, reports of national election commissions in eleven different languages.

Table of Contents


  1. Elite Supply and Popular Demands: An Interactive Model
    Democratization Backwards—and in a Hurry
    Understanding Election Outcomes
  2. Electoral Systems Compared
    Electing Representatives
    Choosing a President
    Effects of Electoral Systems
  3. Parties without Civil Society
    A Big Supply of Parties
    A Variety of Party Appeals
    Fragmented, Multi-Dimensional Party Systems
  4. Voters without Trust
    A Legacy of Distrust
    Political Values without Parties
    Clear-cut and Fuzzy-Focus Outlooks
  5. Competition without Institutionalization
    Institutionalization in Theory
    Stable Election Laws
    Floating System of Parties
    An Indefinite Disequilibrium



Conventions in Reporting Results
  1. Bulgaria
  2. Czechoslovakia
  3. Czech Republic
  4. Slovakia
  5. Estonia
  6. Hungary
  7. Latvia
  8. Lithuania
  9. Poland
  10. Romania
  11. Russia
  12. Slovenia

"An essential reference work covering elections in Central and Eastern Europe, Rose and Munro provide an invaluable volume. Packed with detail and hard-to-find facts, the work is authoritative, clear, and timely."

- Pippa Norris, Harvard University

"Richard Rose and Neil Munro have produced an essential reference work for election experts: a definitive text covering election laws, parties, and election results in 11 post-Communist democracies. As a bonus, they offer an innovative model relating the supply of election laws and parties by political elites to the demands of voters. Applying the model in Eastern Europe shows that the institutionalization of free elections leaves democracy incomplete as long as there is a floating system of parties and voters without trust."

- Arend Lijphart, University of California, San Diego
Richard Rose, University of Strathclyde

Richard Rose is the author of many election books and scholarly papers. He is editor of International Encyclopedia of Elections, published by CQ Press. Rose is the director of the Center for the Study of Public Policy at the University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, Scotland, where Neil Munro is a fellow scholar.

Neil Munro, University of Strathclyde
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